Integrated pest management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties. Pesticides are used only after monitoring indicates they are needed according to established guidelines, and treatments are made with the goal of removing only the target organism. Pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, beneficial and non-target organisms, and the environment.
A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for:
- mitigating any pest
Though often misunderstood the term pesticide also applies to herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and various other substances used to control pests.